Die Bundesrepublik als Polyarchie im Sinne Robert A. Dahls by Michael Neureiter PDF

By Michael Neureiter

ISBN-10: 3640321251

ISBN-13: 9783640321254

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2009 im Fachbereich Politik - Politische Systeme - Politisches procedure Deutschlands, be aware: 1,0, Katholische Universität Eichstätt-Ingolstadt, Veranstaltung: Einführung in die Politische Systemlehre und Vergleichende Politikwissenschaft, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Im Laufe der Geschichte gab es viele große Denker, die sich mit einem ganz speziellen Phänomen auseinandergesetzt haben: der Demokratie. Zu nennen sind hier u. a. Aristoteles, Joseph A. Schumpeter, Sir Karl Popper und Fritz W. Scharpf. Sie alle versuchten, die Voraussetzungen, Wesenszüge, Wirkungsweisen und/oder Probleme dieser Staatsform herauszuarbeiten und zu erklären. Dabei setzten sie in ihren Überlegungen unterschiedliche Schwerpunkte, wodurch heute eine recht heterogene Vielfalt solcher Demokratietheorien existiert. Jedoch ist die Thematik noch längst nicht vollständig ausgereizt (sofern dies überhaupt möglich ist), weshalb sich auch heute noch zahlreiche Forscher mit der Demokratie beschäftigen. Hierbei sei insbesondere auf den amerikanischen Politikwissenschaftler Robert Alan Dahl verwiesen, der mit seinem Konzept der Polyarchie, welches er im Jahre 1971 entwickelte, wohl eine der interessantesten und am meisten beachteten Demokratietheorien überhaupt geschaffen hat.

Die nachfolgenden Ausführungen beschäftigen sich mit eben dieser Theorie. Ziel ist es, dem Leser einen ersten Überblick über das relativ komplexe Konzept der Polyarchie zu ermöglichen. Dazu sollen einleitend einige Informationen zu dessen Schöpfer, Robert Alan Dahl, gegeben werden. Der zweite und der dritte Punkt widmen sich den Fragen, used to be unter dem Begriff der Polyarchie überhaupt zu verstehen ist und durch welche Merkmale sie konstituiert wird. Abschließend soll der Versuch unternommen werden, Dahls Modell an einem praktischen Beispiel zu veranschaulichen. Hierzu wird geprüft, ob die Bundesrepublik Deutschland die zuvor erwähnten Merkmale aufweist und somit eine Polyarchie im Sinne Dahls ist.

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Download e-book for kindle: Take The Bar As A Foreign Student: Constitutional Law: e by Norma's Big Law books,Value Bar Prep

By Norma's Big Law books,Value Bar Prep

ISBN-10: 1516926099

ISBN-13: 9781516926091

Nationally prompt US legislations university Book*

LOOK within! Written via A Constitutional legislations Essay Expert!

Take The Bar As A international scholar:
Constitutional legislations - authored by means of worth Bar Prep


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Georg Schilling's „Ich kenne Kant…“? - So called legal and business „ethics“ PDF

By Georg Schilling

ISBN-10: 3640449053

ISBN-13: 9783640449057

record from the yr 2009 within the topic legislation - Philosophy, heritage and Sociology of legislations, collage of Vienna (Institut für Rechtsphilosophie, Religions- und Kulturrecht ), path: opposed to „white“-washing shadows of philosophers in ethics lectures/courses, language: English, summary: these attracted to an enticing and (!) clinical textual content approximately Immanuel KANT, and texts hardly ever ever pointed out, and: if pointed out then typically frequently in a particularly optimistic approach, are to be chuffed through this fact-bound and significant text.
This textual content is usually written upon the desire to introduce readers now not specialized in so known as KANTian "ethics" to a (partly very shocking), "down-to-earth" KANT insofar as KANT is proven right here with texts jam-packed with prejudices, insulting statements, (mere) assumptions, lots of them already frequently acknowledged to be unscientific even in his days - these attracted to studying no longer one other "Kant on Management", "Kant and human rights", "KANTian ethics", "KANT in {so known as} felony ethics" script, or (text-)book are most likely astonished by way of the multitude of clinical voices in reality simply "praising", in reality frequently simply (semi-)"beatifying" Immanuel KANT; this article offers a tremendous volume of discussions specially in regards to the "way", the "mode", the "narrative" which "we" are (mostly) allowed (!) to "know" what KANT (only?) stands for ("human rights; categorial significant; deontological ethics").
Furthermore this texts needs to elevate a mess of severe questions with appreciate to the way in which KANT wrote approximately girls, approximately e.g. Afro-europeans (or e.g. Afro-americans), and it additionally attempts to show KANT's modern Prof Dr Anton Wilhelm AMO's paintings, his good fortune in a weather of prejudices, or racist assaults, of exclusion.

But it's not in basic terms KANT, but in addition HEGEL, FICHTE, HUME, ROUSSEAU, VOLTAIRE and others that are to be saw with recognize to totalitarian or racist texts.

Furthermore, based on the Holocaust and the NS-terror, we're additionally to target the "way" e.g. a few scientists "present" influencial former NS-members within the box of so known as felony ethics, criminal philosophy, "the" German felony technological know-how, focussing on a up to date textual content within the FRANKFURTER ALLGEMEINE ZEITUNG, a well-known periodical usually stated to be a "quality newspaper".

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Download e-book for iPad: Post-communist Regime Change: A Comparative Study (Routledge by Jørgen Møller

By Jørgen Møller

ISBN-10: 0415483395

ISBN-13: 9780415483391

ISBN-10: 041585010X

ISBN-13: 9780415850100

This booklet seeks to give an explanation for the divergent political pathways of twenty six post-communist states, following the breakdown and eventual cave in of communism in 1989-1991.

Considering the trajectories of person states among 1990 – 2007, this booklet demanding situations vital our bodies of concept on the subject of democratization and regime swap. via a sustained research of worldwide and post-communist advancements inside this period of time, the writer indicates that says of an expanding asymmetry among the ‘electoral’ and ‘liberal’ parts of recent democracy were vastly exaggerated. the writer is going directly to contend that during accounting for the geographical dispersion of post-communist regime kinds, deeper structural components may be regarded as the most important. The e-book is split into the next parts:


  • Part I demonstrates how various conceptualisations of democracy may end up in very diverse conclusions in regards to the empirical dynamics of democratization.

  • Part II contrasts diversified reasons of post-communist political swap and gives an built-in framework for explaining the political pathways encountered in the former japanese Bloc.


This booklet might be of curiosity to scholars and students of post-communist reports, democratization experiences, comparative politics and regime change.

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Read e-book online Ballot Battles: The History of Disputed Elections in the PDF

By Edward Foley

ISBN-10: 0190235276

ISBN-13: 9780190235277

The 2000 presidential race led to the highest-profile poll conflict in over a century. however it is way from the one American election made up our minds through a handful of votes and marred by way of claims of fraud. because the founding of the state, violence often erupted because the votes have been being counted, and quite a lot of elections produced obviously unfair effects. regardless of America's declare to be the world's maximum democracy, its adherence to the elemental tenets of democratic elections-the skill to count number ballots safely and reasonably even if the stakes are high-has continuously been shaky. A rigged gubernatorial election in long island in 1792 approximately led to demands one other revolution, and an 1899 gubernatorial race even led to an assassination. notwithstanding acts of violence have diminished in frequency during the last century, equity and accuracy in poll counting still continues to be a easy challenge in American political life.

In Ballot Battles, Edward Foley offers a sweeping historical past of election controversies within the usa, tracing how their evolution generated felony precedents that finally remodeled how we ensure who wins and who loses. whereas weaving a story spanning over centuries, Foley again and again returns to an originating occasion: as the Founding Fathers despised events and not estimated the emergence of a celebration process, they wrote a structure that didn't offer transparent recommendations for high-stakes and highly-contested elections within which events may possibly pool assets opposed to each other. additionally, within the American political procedure that really constructed, politicians are beholden to the events which they characterize - and elected officers have more often than not had an oversized say in picking the results of tremendous shut elections that contain recounts. This underlying structural challenge, greater than the rest, explains why excessive poll battles that go away one facet feeling aggrieved will proceed to take place for the foreseeable future.

American democracy has more advantageous dramatically over the past centuries. however the comparable can't be stated for the ways that we ascertain who wins the very shut races. From the founding till this day, there was little growth towards solving the matter. certainly, supporters of John Jay in 1792 and competitors of Lyndon Johnson within the 1948 Texas Senate race could locate it effortless to commiserate with Al Gore after the 2000 election. Ballot Battles is not just the 1st complete chronicle of contested elections within the US. It additionally presents a robust clarification of why the yank election process has been-and remains-so useless at determining the tightest races in a fashion that each one aspects will agree is fair.

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Download e-book for kindle: The New Latin American Left: Cracks in the Empire (Critical by Jeffery R. Webber,Barry Carr

By Jeffery R. Webber,Barry Carr

ISBN-10: 074255757X

ISBN-13: 9780742557574

ISBN-10: 0742557588

ISBN-13: 9780742557581

This provocative, multidisciplinary paintings explores the dramatic resurgence of the Left in Latin the United States because the overdue Nineteen Nineties. providing a complete account of the complexities and nuances of the moving political tides within the area, the booklet presents either a theoretical framework for assessing the country of the Left and a collection of instances highlighting key hobbies, successes, and screw ups. Its theoretical scope covers socialist technique, working-class formation, peasant social routine, the function of girls in well known politics, and the reaction of outdoor powers. those issues give you the starting place for wealthy kingdom experiences of the recent Left in Bolivia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Chile, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras. Too usually, the ebook argues, the increase of the recent Left has been the topic of comic strip, both via conservative defamation or populist romanticism. operating from a number serious views, the individuals examine the Left’s hopes, goals, and customers, in addition to its contradictions and fissures. because the first ebook to systematically give some thought to the modern relevance of the Left, it will likely be vital to any figuring out of Latin American politics and society today.

Contributions by: Ricardo Antunes, Marc Becker, Jared Bibler, Barry Carr, Emilia Castorina, Todd Gordon, Sujatha Fernandes, Claudio Katz, Fernando Leiva, Marco Mojica, Héctor Perla Jr., Richard Roman, Susan Spronk, Edur Velasco Arregui, Henry Veltmeyer, Leandro Vergara-Camus, Jeffery R. Webber, and Gregory Wilpert.

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New PDF release: Multiple-Streams. An idea whose time has come? (German

By Stefan Raß

ISBN-10: 3668048320

ISBN-13: 9783668048324

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2015 im Fachbereich Politik - Politische Systeme - Allgemeines und Vergleiche, notice: 1,3, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (Institut für Politische Wissenschaft), Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Der Multiple-Streams-Ansatz wurde 1984 erstmals von John Kingdon ausgearbeitet und ist seit den Neunzigern von großer Bedeutung im wissenschaftlichen Diskurs. Der MSA wird in der Literatur als vielversprechendes Werkzeug zur Untersuchung von politischen Zeitfenstern (vgl. Böcher, Töller 2012: 180ff.; Nill 2002: 10ff; Zahariadis 2007: 65ff.; Herweg 2013: 322ff.) beschrieben. Auch verschiedene Indices der Zitierhäufigkeit (SSCI, SCI) zeigen die große Relevanz der Theorie von Kingdons, welche seit 1990 durchgehend höhere Werte aufweist, als andere relevante Autoren wie Sabatier und Baumgartner, die mit dem Advocacy Coalition Framework oder dem Punctuated-Equilibrium-Ansatzes ebenfalls von großer Bedeutung sind (vgl. Herweg 2013: 323).
Diese Arbeit hat als Ziel, den Ansatz Kingdons näher zu beleuchten, Kritikpunkte aufzugreifen und Weiterentwicklungen des Ansatzes zu untersuchen, um schließlich ein Bild dieses theoretischen Rahmens zu zeichnen, welches es ermöglicht den potentiellen Erkenntnismehrwert des Ansatzes besser einschätzen zu können. Hierfür soll zunächst der ursprüngliche Multiple-Streams-Ansatz dargestellt und und auf Weiterentwicklungen eingegangen werden um den aktuellen Stand der Theorie zu begreifen. Insbesondere Zahariadis leistete substantielle Beiträge um die Theorie auf europäische Regierungssysteme anzupassen.

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Warlords, Strongman Governors, and the State in Afghanistan by Dipali Mukhopadhyay PDF

By Dipali Mukhopadhyay

ISBN-10: 1107023920

ISBN-13: 9781107023925

ISBN-10: 1107595851

ISBN-13: 9781107595859

Warlords have come to symbolize enemies of peace, safeguard, and 'good governance' within the collective highbrow mind's eye. This e-book asserts that now not all warlords are created equivalent. lower than yes stipulations, a few develop into powerful governors on behalf of the kingdom. This provocative argument relies on vast fieldwork in Afghanistan, the place Mukhopadhyay tested warlord-governors who've served as priceless exponents of the Karzai regime in its fight to claim regulate over key segments of the geographical region. She explores the advanced ecosystems that got here to represent provincial political existence after 2001 and exposes the increase of 'strongman' governance in provinces. whereas this model of governance falls some distance wanting foreign expectancies, its emergence displays the reassertion of the Afghan nation in fabric and symbolic phrases that deserve our recognition. This ebook pushes earlier canonical perspectives of warlordism and nation development to think about the common sense of the susceptible country because it has arisen in demanding, conflict-ridden societies like Afghanistan.

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Read e-book online Women and Punishment: The Struggle for Justice PDF

By Pat Carlen,Lord Ramsbotham

ISBN-10: 1903240573

ISBN-13: 9781903240571

ISBN-10: 1903240581

ISBN-13: 9781903240588

within the final decade there was growing to be foreign challenge in regards to the expanding numbers of girls in felony, the results that imprisonment has on their little ones, the realisation that gaoled ladies have various legal profiles and rehabilitative must male prisoners, and the seeming intractability of the linked difficulties. In reaction there was an overarching coverage main issue in lots of international locations to style and co-ordinate gender-specific rules in the direction of lady offenders which objective either to decelerate the speed in their offending and/or imprisonment, and likewise to engender versatile programmes in order to lessen the time spent in custody and/or clear of their childrens. the main target of this e-book is to explain and examine modern possibilities for, and obstacles to, either the relief of girl criminal populations and the relief of the discomfort of these girls who stay imprisoned. It assesses an important contemporary makes an attempt to minimize either women's imprisonment and the wear it does, choosing and studying cross-jurisdiction and gender-specific classes to be discovered, and the unforeseen outcomes of a few of the reform ideas. This booklet brings jointly top students and practitioners within the box, offering a critique of the reform tasks that have taken position, and a much-needed theorization of cross-national coverage during this zone. it is going to be crucial analyzing for all with an curiosity in prisons and legal reform.

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